Your worms will eat the organic material you add to the bin, including their bedding. Add the same types of organic waste that you would add to an outdoor compost bin. Organic waste is anything that was once alive and growing – like a red pepper, a banana, or a tea leaf. Avoid meat and dairy products, as well as fats and oils.
A red wiggler worm can consume up to its weight in organic material every day!
Designate a small, covered container in your kitchen for collecting organic waste, such as a 750g yoghurt container. Food waste that has been chopped up and left for a few days will decompose faster.
Feed your worms…
- Fruit and vegetable peels and scraps
- Crushed eggshells
- Coffee grounds and filters
- Tea bags and tea leaves
- Plant trimmings
- Stale bread
- Leftover pasta
- Shredded egg cartons and boxboard
- Shredded toilet paper and paper towel rolls
- Shredded paper and paper napkins
Limit paper products to avoid overloading your bin.
Do not Feed!
- Meat, fish and bones
- Fat, grease, oils and sauces
- Dairy products
- Salt and vinegar
- Pet waste
- Diseased plants
How to feed your worms:
1. Use your hand or gardening fork to pull back the bedding to create a hole big enough to contain the waste.
Avoid using a trowel or shovel that may harm the worms.
2. Add organic waste to the space you have created and cover the waste with at least two inches of bedding.
3. Mark the feeding location with a plant marker or popsicle stick, so you will know where to add the next feeding.
4. Place the next feeding adjacent to the last feeding, so the worms can find it easily.
If you picture the top of your bin as a grid, you will want to vary the feeding from one square to the next until you make your way around the bin (see image above).
There are a number of factors that will affect how often you feed your worms, which can vary from once a week to three times per week:
- The amount of worms in your bin.
- The amount and type of organic waste you add.
- How well the food is chopped prior to being added to the bin.
Only add organic waste when the previous feeding is almost consumed to avoid overloading your bin.